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A Short History and Perspectives on Plant Genetic Transformation.

A Short History and Perspectives on Plant Genetic Transformation.

Plant genetic transformation is a vital technological development in trendy science, which has not solely facilitated gaining basic insights into plant biology but in addition began a brand new period in crop enchancment and industrial farming. However, for a lot of crop crops, environment friendly transformation and regeneration nonetheless stay a problem even after greater than 30 …

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Novel AMBRA1-ALK fusion identified by next-generation sequencing in advanced gallbladder cancer responds to crizotinib: a case report

Novel AMBRA1-ALK fusion identified by next-generation sequencing in advanced gallbladder cancer responds to crizotinib: a case report

Gallbladder cancer (GBC) is essentially the most aggressive malignancy of the biliary tract with poor prognosis. Several targetable genetic alterations have been identified in GBC; nevertheless, responses to focused remedy are disappointing. We report a case of a 58-year-old Chinese lady with GBC who was detected with a novel ALK genomic rearrangement and obtained crizotinib after development from first-line …

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Trait stacking in modern agriculture: application of genome editing tools

Trait stacking in modern agriculture: application of genome editing tools

Advances in plant transgenic know-how in the 20th century overcame the key hurdle for switch of genetic materials between species. This not solely enabled basic insights into plant biology, but in addition revolutionized business agriculture. Adoption of transgenic crops in industrial agriculture has diminished pesticide application, whereas bringing vital enhance in crop yields and farmers’ earnings. The …

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How to build a well-rounded CV and get hired after your PhD

How to build a well-rounded CV and get hired after your PhD

Embarking on a PhD gives many alternatives for private and skilled improvement past scientific analysis. This instalment of the Words of Advice sequence goals to present steering and tips about harnessing these assets to build a well-rounded CV and improve your possibilities of getting hired after your PhD. We present two views on creating your …

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CELLULAR HEALTH: Flippases, these membrane proteins that generate electrical current

Flippases are proteins in cell membranes that mediate the transfer of specific phospholipids or fats from one sheet to another sheet in the cell membrane. This displacement of lipid molecules in cell membranes requires an energy supply and induces an electric current. And this microcurrent could play a key role in controlling certain essential processes …

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Echo viruses

Echo viruses (Enteric, cytopatogenic Human Orphan viruses) are members of the genus Enterovirus of the Picornaviridae family. They constitute the largest subset of enteroviruses, consisting of 34 serotypes. Echo viruses cause a variety of diseases, from minor febrile conditions to severe, potentially fatal conditions such as childhood enteritis, aseptic meningitis, encephalitis, paralysis and myocarditis. Initially, …

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Human enteroviruses

What are enteroviruses? The genus Enterovirus belongs to the Picornaviridae family and includes the following viral groups:      Coxsackie viruses A1 to A21, A24 and B1 to 6;      Echo Viruses 1 to 7, 9, 11 to 21, 24 to 27 and 29 to 33;      Enteroviruses 68 to 71;      Poliomyelitis viruses of types …

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CELL IMMUNITY. T-CELL receptors (TCRs) and their epitopes

Construction of the T-cell receptor          The antibody is not the only protein that recognizes the antigen. The antigen-specific receptor of T lymphocytes does the same. It is simply called the T-cell receptor and is abbreviated as the T-cell receptor TCR. We can define the antigen as a compound capable of eliciting the formation of a …

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