Gene-virus Interactions Implicated in Type 1 Diabetes

Type 1 diabetes (T1D) is the most common endocrine disorder in children. In France, T1D prevalence is estimated to 12.2 per 100 000. Worldwide T1D incidence increased rapidly in the last decades, around 3% per year. T1D is caused by autoimmune destruction of pancreatic beta cells, leading to hyperglycaemia. T1D was recently associated an important loss in life expectancy compared with the general population. To date, the precise aetiology of T1D onset and the mechanisms involved in T1D remain unknown and no preventive treatment of T1D exists.

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